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Kazan Icon of the Mother of God, Moscow, Russia

Commemorated on June 19
Kazan Icon of the Mother of God, Moscow, Russia
In 1689, a moleben was being sung in the Ascension Monastery in Moscow. Someone forgot to extinguish the candle before leaving the church. The candle fell, and the flames burned up the analogion upon which the Kazan Icon lay. Yet, neither the Icon itself, which was written on canvas, nor the cloth upon which the icon rested suffered any damage.
In a fire in the Kremlin on June 19, 1701, the Royal Palace and the Ascension Monastery were consumed by flames. During that fire, Schema-nun Ioanna, daughter of Prince Baratynsky, entered his tomb, where the Kazan Icon of the Theotokos hung. She prayed before it: "O Most-holy Theotokos, thou who didst thyself save thine Image from harm, save also me, thine unworthy servant!" After fervently praying, she left the monastery. The Icon remained behind. The liturgical vessels and icons were removed from the Cathedral Church of the Ascension, and taken beyond the Kremlin, to the Church of the Holy Trinity on the moat. In the course of an inventory taken to see whether everything had been removed from the church, they found the Kazan Icon among the others. All were at a loss to say how that Icon got there, as no one had taken it from the church. After the fire, as they were just beginning to return things to the church, and before they even thought about bringing in the Kazan Icon, they found it in its usual place.
Many miraculous healings, which took place before that Holy Icon, are among the miracles described in the annals of the Ascension Monastery.



The Virgin of Kazan is one of the images most venerated in Russia, it is also a symbol of union between Catholics and Orthodox. 
's "Blue Army" of Fatima bought the miraculous icon, disappeared at auction in New York in 1970 with a purpose that after the conversion of Russia, announced by the Virgin to the three shepherd-image would be returned to that country. was fulfilled 
in 1993 passed into the hands of Pope John Paul II and in 2004 John Paul II returned the icon to Russia the person of Patriarch Alexy II ... 
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There are several versions of the origin of the Icon of Kazan, but all agree on the speed with which the devotion spread in the country and how it is connected to the fate of Russia as a nation. The image was taken by the generals to battles and became Kazan known as the "Protector of Russia." It became the symbol of Russian Victoria and freedom.
It has its origins in the sixteenth century. The current icon, recent studies from the eighteenth century . This linked with many miracles. It was taken out of Russia in the second decade of the twentieth century and of escaping the Communists who became the Cathedral of the Kazan Mother of God in a museum.
The miraculous icon of the Mother of God of Kazan has the sad eyes of Russian Virgin tenderly embracing the child Jesus to his chest. He had a reputation of restoring sight to the blind proffered gratefully emeralds entirely pure.
The icon of Our Lady of Kazan, traditional Greek Byzantine style, would have been painted, according to experts, in Constantinople in the thirteenth century.
The sacred work has medium body image of the Blessed Virgin holding the Child Jesus on her lap, who is standing quasi his blessing and his mother, to whom raises his right hand.
The icon is coated with a silver foil covering the figure and the garments, leaving visible only the faces of the Mother and the Son. Under this cover the design and the colors are perfectly preserved, leading to not only a piece considerárselo extremely valuable religious, but also a true work of art. The sheet covering image dates from the seventeenth century and contains diamonds, emeralds, rubies, sapphires and pearls , most of which were added by various donors who thus wanted to express their devotion to the Holy Image.
On October 1, 1552, the feast of the "Protection of the Virgin", the army of Tsar Ivan the Terrible taken by assault the walls of the city of Kazan, the capital of the Kingdom so far Tartarus. The Czar, in thanksgiving for the victory obtained, ordered to build a great church in honor of the Mother of God, dedicating it to the mystery of the Annunciation.
In 1579, a major fire in the city of Kazan buried the icon of the Virgin of Kazan and is discovered under the ruins of a house burnt by a ten year old girl, on July 8, whom the Virgin appeared to him in several search by giving occasions here. Realized the pastor and this led in procession to the Cathedral of the Assumption the icon of the Mother of God.
The girl found wrapped in an old cloth and hidden under a stove, which would have been buried in the Christian persecution begun in the thirteenth century by the Tartars icon.
Transported to the Cathedral of the Annunciation in Kazan, begins to be of great religious devotion, attributing miracles as countless miraculous healings of blind people who came to pray.
The October 22, 1594, by order of Tsar Feodorovich, was established for each year the festival dedicated Our Lady of Kazan , by the conquest of Moscow, the Tsar attributed to the aid of Our Lady.
He remained there until about 1612 when the image is transported to the city of Moscow.
In 1636, Prince Pozharsky he built the Kazan Cathedral in honor of the Virgin , however, that a copy was installed because the real image was preserved in Moscow since the Russian victory over the Poles. In 1821 the original image moved again, this time to St. Petersburg where he was installed in the new Kazan Cathedral. By that time, the icon was already very popular and were nine "miracle" copies around the country.
The image was taken by the generals to battles and Kazan became known as the "Protector of Russia." He became the Russian symbol of victory and freedom.
Known as "The Liberator and Protector of Holy Mother Russia", the image was used in all national crisis.
In 1790 Tsar Peter the Great is invoked as "protector and banner" at the Battle of Poltava, against Charles XII of Sweden. After the Russian victory icon is intronizado Cathedral in Moscow and then transferred to St. Petersburg and placed in a shrine dedicated to her.
She is revered as the "Russian Liberation," the banner of the victories against Napoleon. 's last political act of Tsar Nicholas II, in 1918, we devote to his empire. Arrested some days later, on the orders of Trotsky, and executed his entire family.
When the Communists took Russia in 1917, almost immediately concentrated on the icon of Kazan as an expression of the "soul" of the Russian people.
In 1918, the icon was taken by the Bolshevik government and sent to Moscow. Disappeared-some hold on the road, others were taken from the Basilica of Kazan in the Russian capital and after the First World War appeared in Poland, during an auction of precious objects. That an English magnate bought but after his death must be sold to pay estate taxes.
The great Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan in Petrograd (later Leningrad) was converted into an atheist museum and the official center of militant atheism in the world.
After nearly sixty years reappeared in an art exhibition in the United States. The required price is U $ S 500,000, extravagant for the time.
Then the orthodox began collecting money to get the icon but twice, their funds were stolen. In 1970 he was put up for sale again in an open auction when the "Blue Army of Our Lady" (Blue Our Lady Army), an American Catholic organization, was taken and brought to Fatima, Portugal, with a noble purpose: after the conversion of Russia announced by the Virgin to the three shepherd children is met-image would be returned to that country.
The Blue Army built a small chapel in Fatima where the icon was conserved until 1993, which is given to John Paul II and transferred to the papal apartments, where he became one of personal devotion of the Holy Father.
Then John Paul II commissioned him to Cardinal Walter Kasper, President of the Pontifical Council for Christian Unity, give it to the Russians on the feast of the Dormition of the Virgin, where the Orthodox liturgy unfolds in the grandiose setting of the Cathedral Dormition of the Kremlin.
The August 28, 2004 John Paul II returned the icon to Russia in the person of Patriarch Alexis II.
On that occasion, Patriarch Alexy II thanks the Pope "wholeheartedly", "this fact is a common contribution to overcoming the negative consequences of the history of the twentieth century, marked by the unprecedented persecution against the faith in Christ."
John Paul II, in his homily on the icon farewell ceremony, said that "from the beginning I wanted this icon to return to the soil of Russia."
For more than ten years ago, "has been by my side and accompanied with her maternal gaze my daily service to the Church. How many times since that day, I called the Mother of God of Kazan, asking him to protect and guide the Russian people that he is devoted, and will soon come a time when all the disciples of her Son, recognizing brothers know fully reconstruct the lost unity. "
Pope asked the Virgin returns among the brothers and sisters of Holy Russia as a messenger of peace and communion, "to hasten the time of full unity between East and West, the full communion among all Christians. "
The Pope added, "Even when adverse forces showed no mercy against the Church (Russian) and tried to cancel the life of men the holy name of God, that people remained profoundly Christian, witnessing in many cases with blood fidelity to the Gospel and the values that inspires. "
Return of the Icon of the Mother of God Kazan recalls the promises of Our Lady at Fatima: "In the end my Immaculate Heart will triumph" . Blue Army's work around the sacred icon is a testament to the effort the Lady asks us to cooperate in his triumph.
The Pope wrote to the dismissal of the Mother of God of Kazan read a sentence in Russian.
Glorious Mother of Jesus, to go before the people of God in the ways of faith, love and union with Christ (cf. "Lumen Gentium," 63), blessed be! .
We all generations call her blessed because she has done on your behalf is mighty, and holy is his name (cf. Luke 1, 48-49).
Blessed and honored Mother, in your icon Kazan, which for centuries you're surrounded by the veneration and love of the Orthodox faithful, becoming protective and control of individual works of God in the history of the Russian people, very dear to all of us.
Divine Providence, which has the power to defeat evil and bring good even from evil works of men made your holy icon, in ancient times disappeared, reappeared at the shrine of Fatima in Portugal. Subsequently, by the will of people you have devotion, was welcomed into the house of the successor of Peter.
Mother of the Orthodox people, the presence in Rome of your holy image of Kazan talks about a profound unity between East and West, which remains despite the historical divisions and mistakes of men.
We now raise our prayer with particular intensity, Lady, while we say goodbye to the moving image. With heart, accompany you on the path that will lead you to the holy Russia. Receive the praise and honor you render the people of God in Rome.
Blessed among all women, to venerate your icon in this city, marked by the blood of the Apostles Peter and Paul, the bishop of Rome was spiritually joins his brother in the episcopal ministry which presides as the Russian Orthodox Church patriarch. And I ask you, Holy Mother, to intercede to hasten the time of full unity between East and West, of full communion among all Christians.
Glorious and blessed Virgin lady lawyer and our comforting, reconcile with your Son, commend us to your Son, present us to your Son! Amen.
There are 2 important cathedrals of Our Lady of Kazan in Russia, one in Moscow and one in St. Petersburg.
You can take a tour of them at this link: A visit to the Cathedrals of Our Lady of Kazan in Moscow and St. Petersburg
Also, you can see Allis larger pictures and quality.




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