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Nuestra Señora del Rosario de Chiquinquirá
Maracaibo, Venezuela (1709)

Commemorated on November 18, July 9
Nuestra Señora del Rosario de Chiquinquirá
Our Lady of the Rosary of Chiquinquirá is one of the invocations that venerates the Virgin Mary in Catholicism . She is the patroness and queen of Colombia , the State of Zulia in Venezuela , and the city of Caraz , in the department of Ancash in Peru .
In Colombia the image lies in the Basilica of Our Lady of the Rosary of Chiquinquirá , where thousands of pilgrims not only the day of its patron saint on July 9 but every Sunday, when they celebrate the Mass and processions. On July 3, 1986 Pope John Paul II visited the shrine and prayed for peace in Colombia at the feet of the Virgin Mary . On July 9, 1999 the canvas last visited the city of Bogota to preside over the prayer for peace. It is known by the name of the city of Chiquinquirá , which hosted the first of his miraculous manifestations, and wherein lies the orginal canvas.
 
An image of the Virgin of Chiquinquira of Venezuela rests in the Basilica of Maracaibo . In this city, every year, November 18 is celebrated the traditional " Feria de La Chinita "and which masses and processions in honor of the Virgin.

History

While in Venezuela, tells the story that a humble old washerwoman resident of a poor neighborhood of Nueva Zamora de Maracaibo called Saladilla, in the province of Venezuela doing his job on the shores of Lake Coquivacoa when a planchette came into his hands without any peculiarity that makes a special, but apparently it was picked up by giving the utility laundress cap the jar of water. While the old woman seemed to recognize in a very blurry tablita Religious reverence and perhaps put it on one of its walls.
On Tuesday, November 18, 1709 was that deep in chores, so did not pay attention to a series of blows that were heard on the wall where the picture hung. The blows were heard again, but she did not move. However, the third time, went strangely to where shock and surprise came saw the planchette is clearly appreciated the image of the Virgin of Chiquinquirá and out of her bright light. The surprise of this phenomenon led to the street where he began to shout: "Miracle, miracle" and with this began the great devotion of Zulia to the Mother of Jesus Christ.
The image was presumably released as a prey in sea water, a sack of a pirate in the back then Viceroyalty of New Granada (now Colombia) and it is unknown how long it could be floating in the waters of the sea to reach the Coquivacoa Lagoon (now Lake Maracaibo). The look of the Virgin in the image is given to the left, as if to assume that wends its way to the then Province of Venezuela, becoming since then the "undocumented" most dear in this country, perhaps foreshadowing the great exodus of Colombians who have come to Venezuela.
 
 
Original image of the Virgin of Chiquinquirá, as preserved in the basilica of the same name in Maracaibo, Venezuela.
After portent similar to that in the Viceroyalty neighbor wanted to transfer the image to the Cathedral of New Zamora de Maracaibo and actually managed to make up some portion of the adjoining the temple, but arrival at a particular location the picture began to get heavy in the extreme, to the point that it was necessary to lower it and leave it on the ground, but this could then be raised again. In view of the circumstances to any of the villagers came providence perhaps wanted the picture is not in the main temple, with the aristocrats (the wealthy of the time) but in the chapel under construction at that time St. John of God (more in line with the most deprived) to the west of the city. The suggestion was taken into account and the picture surprisingly regained their original weight and honors came to the said chapel, now a Minor Basilica dedicated to Our Lady of the Rosary of Chiquinquirá and San Juan de Dios, which is venerated since.
Festive Cycle: framed in celebration of the fair, alongside the formal schedule of activities developed religious events and mass popular according to the beliefs of the faithful. November 18th All Maracaibo and Zulia state in general, have been celebrating the feast of the Chinita, as he is affectionately known in the country, which has become dated from that time, on the occasion of celebrations for the faithful of Zulia village and its surroundings. With the lighting of Bella Vista Avenue, to the sound of bagpipes (music originated in the colonial era and today is largely dedicated to the celebration of the festival of the Virgin and protests of the people of Zulia), fireworks light up the sky Maracaibo, chimbangueles (drumming) that rumble, orchestral bands there is a holiday frame, accompanying the Virgin around the streets where it is said the miracle of renewal, as also happened in Chiquinquirá, Colombia .
 
The devotion to Our Lady of the Rosary of Chiquinquirá is very large in the city of Maracaibo and attributed the same multiplicity of favors, some of the most striking have been exalted in beautiful stained glass windows in the same Basilica.
 
Basilica in honor of the Virgin of Chiquinquirá, Maracaibo
The Virgin of the Rosary of Chiquinquirá is formally patron of the city of Maracaibo, Zulia state and National Guard of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, was crowned canonically with offerings of gold with precious stones such as rubies, sapphires and emeralds has gifted his people from the colony. This crown is supported by four silver angels. In the Spanish period was covered table edge with an embossed gold adornments on the image as crowns for the Virgin and Child, the aura, etc, which have been mostly removed except for the crown. Image has a golden scepter, sapphires and emeralds, the image also has an elaborate crown with stones called "tumas" gift of ethnic Guajira.
 
The image of Our Lady of the Rosary of Chiquinquirá has moved several times to multiple sites, one of the most memorable was when he visited the capital of the Republic and more frequently has been paraded through the different parishes of Zulia state, moving in boats on the lake and rivers, land vehicles and helicopters. Today these visits continue, but making use of a replica of the original image backup.
 
The celebrations in honor of the Virgin of the Rosary of Chiquinquirá, ceased to be the modest celebrations of the past to acquire international celebration features complex confluence of religious and folk events, all gathered under the name gives Chinita International Fair.
It made the famous bullfights, dancing in public and private places of the city, sunrises pipers, baseball games, the grand gala of beauty (beauty contest to choose the sovereign is Queen fair throughout the year, the parade of floats and also many other activities.
November 18 is an important day which all Maracaibo (Maracaibo natural) make a tribute to the Virgin of Chiquinquirá. That day is known and celebrated as (La Feria De La Chinita) and is celebrated with great enthusiasm, joy, faith and fidelity by every inhabitant of the city. At the same time develops the baseball game Chinita Cup, sport fans frequented by Zulia, which meets (after a long night of partying) to give encouragement and support to the team slugger Zulia Eagles. The following week is the procession of Dawn and she wanders the image from the Basilica at 3.00 am, so that together with his people receive the day on the street. Finally, the Sunday after the image is restored to his dressing room.
Chiquinquirá Virgin in Spain: since 2004 in Madrid (Spain) venerate the chinita and fair is held as in Maracaibo (Venezuela) also celebrating the day of the patron in Spain, the conclusion is made in the 17, 18 and November 19 to celebrate giving each year so its fair to the patron of Spain, Colombia and Venezuela, and in December it is also fair activities in Spain special day is the same day patron held in Maracaibo with a Mass and then a bagpipe serenade the group between sticks and joys and also the group's bagpipe piper madridcaibo

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Basílica de Nuestra Señora de Chiquinquirá

Basílica de Nuestra Señora de Chiquinquirá (Maracaibo, Venezuela )

The Basilica of Our Lady of Chiquinquirá, is the Catholic church 's busiest state Zulia in Venezuela , located in the center of the city of Maracaibo . A building dedica...

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