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Santuario Madonna della Vetrana

The small bell tower is dated 1774. In its front part is written in Latin: "PETRA exaltavit IN ME". Even the monastery gate, inside the the data in 1774.
The dome of the church is covered with tiles of Capodimonte in Naples. In fact, Alcantarini brothers (now known simply as "little brothers") had his Superior in Naples, and via its reformer San Pedro de Alcantara, Spanish, were closely linked to the Kingdom of Naples, where their monasteries were built in Foggia , Capurso, Taranto, Castellana. In the sacristy there is a wall panel dated 1754, with Neapolitan majolica.

Several years later it was felt the need "to mandate the beautiful church religious. Countess Dorotea Acquaviva d'Aragona, of the dukes of Atri, wife of Giulio Antonio III, to thank the Virgin for saving the child Giulio Antonio IV, founded a convent connected to the church.

In 1866, the act of suppression of religious orders in Italy by the government did evacuate all convents including Castellana. They were saved by a miracle, most of the books of the first historic core of Friar Casimiro.
During the closure of the convent, the Franciscan presence is ensured by the reactivation of the Third Franciscan Order (SFO today) around 1870. This ecclesial reality has kept alive the spirituality of Franciscan devotion to Our Lady of Vetrana despite the cruel law of the secular state that has physically eliminated the presence of the brothers in the Castellana.
Together with the SFO and Franciscan Youth group Araldini as living in the religious life of the Castellana, which gravitate all events and liturgies of the sanctuary presence is grounded, and also support the parish of the city.
During World War II they were "accommodated" in the convent Hungarian prisoners of war. These, to thank people for their stay in the Castellana, to be treated not as prisoners, but as brothers, donated a statue of St. Elizabeth of Hungary, patron saint of the Franciscan Third Order. The statue, which was commissioned artisans locals still revered in the church.
On March 21, 1931, the church and monastery the monks are transferred in perpetual lease. His radical renewal has become more vital space around the building and functional church. The renovations have made the hospitality of study groups, conferences, weeks of exercises, retreats.


Festivals and Events

One of the oldest traditions and which has lasted for more than three centuries is the Feast of Fanove. Overnight the region turns to heat and light a bonfire. Tens of woodpiles, well arranged, cone-shaped, some small and the other large burn on the night of January 11 until the morning of 12. A mixture of devotion and folklore, which recalls the miraculous event occurred in 1691, when Castellana escaped the plague.

 Indeed, until the last century, it was mostly a religious holiday. The fire was primarily a source of heat and light, when there was no electric light and less heat. The fires were lit at events of special importance. People want the loving devotion of Fanove give warmth to the country to honor the protective image of Our Lady of Vetrana.

Fanove the fire is not "pagan symbol, and not the memory of burnt furniture after the plague, but a symbol of joy and celebration.
At one time, for Fanove, vines were used, as they are produced in large quantities. In January, pruning vines takes place, old and dusty branches of the previous year is intended to fires, which are kept on all night in every corner of the Castellana and agriculture.
The wood of olive or almond jealously preserved, and no one used it in large quantities in Fanove, as used in our time. Fanove today are built to shelter a large olive trunk, sometimes are used to build your base.
For the April holidays, lime disinfected every corner of the house, which does not allow the party January, the dank air. At the time of the plague, in fact, he spent lime to the altars of limestone, and even in ditches around the city. This tradition has faded.
Fortunately not the light and joy of the fire fades even after years of dark forces of war, despite the arrival of the electric light, the fire is still burning. In every way there are groups of devotees who star in the Fanove spontaneously, echoing with singing and accompaniment of guitars and accordions, with wine starts to run around every fire, to relieve heartburn caused by the salty fish traditionally It has been consumed with fire.
But there is a downside to this modern tradition. Where Fanove build if roads are paved or asphalt are ?. Until the last century there were none of these problems: most of the roads were "soft". To remedy this situation with the appropriate standards, at the point where the fire is intended to build a gravel layer it provides coverage to avoid damaging the road.
The wood became less valuable and ovens with another fuel, became larger to Fanove. Olive trees are uprooted for various reasons, the sudden plague of large cherry trees, and the biggest prize money awarded by associations for national holidays and tourism generate larger bonfires are added.
In the mid-nineties awards died ... it was not like in the time of "fat cows", the wood becomes more valuable and hard to find, so in the last editions was restored a careful balance.
The Fanove are prepared with great spontaneity, numerous small fires of popular devotion in honor of Our Lady of Vetrana. They are scattered throughout the city, even in the suburbs, and between a song and another glorifying the merciful Virgin Vetrana, is especially beautiful but fires are not huge.


Basic Information

Year consecrated: ---
Ecclesiastical status: Shrine
Architectural style: ---
Address: Convento Madonna della Vetrana CASTELLANA GROTTE (BA) , Italy
Coordinates: ,
Phone: 080.4965071
Hours: ---
Cost: ---
Transportation: ---

Note: This information was accurate when first published and we do our best to keep it updated, but details such as opening hours can change without notice. To avoid disappointment, please check with the site directly before making a special trip.


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