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Virgen de Urkupiña, Quillacollo, Cochabamba, Bolivia

Commemorated on August 15
Virgen de Urkupiña, Quillacollo, Cochabamba, Bolivia
In the late seventeenth century, at the beginning of the colony, in the region of Cota (Quillacollo southwest), lived a humble family of farmers who subsisted on the usefulness of his small flock of sheep that were in the care of menor. La daughter girl headed toward low hills daily front Cota, passing Sapinku river, where there was water and grass in abundance for his flock. A splendid August day, when the sun played with the wild bushes and grass hill dazzling emerald, appeared to him a very beautiful lady who had children in their arms, maintained in long conversations with her own native language of the place , the Quechua . Often the shepherd playing with that child in the waters of a spring gushing from the rocks.
 
Since then, the girl almost always delayed in returning to the hut of their parents, so they asked the reason for their tardiness, she recounted their encounters with the lady whom he called "Mommy and child". He said the mommy and her little boy came down to play with her in the chimpanzee juturis (or chimpa batteries), so they called and continue to call the two strands of clear and sweet water situated at the foot of the hill. Hearing her, her parents became alarmed and went repeatedly to the green hill to convince the incredible stories of the peasant girl.
 
At reiterated the visit of the "Mother", she went in search of their parents and those to doctrinero (parishes were called doctrines and by extension the priest doctrinero) and Rancherio neighbors who take notice of the event decided to ensure its accuracy , going to the place where the girl led them. The Virgin to see that the shepherd did not show up from where it was uphill and climbed the hill, while the girl screamed indicating finger in Quechua "Jaqaypiña orqopiña, orqopiña", which in Quechua means "is already on the hill "" (Orqo = hill, pineapple = already), hence the Spanish name Urkupiña. Mrs. to get to the top, he disappeared, but managed to reach view a celestial image vanished in the tangle of carob, cactus and ululas. Convinced that the vision was strange, ran to town. The pastor who summoned the people, and with other officials rushed to the scene of the miracle in front of the settlement of Cota ... The bustling crowd moved to the chapel this Quillacollo and has since become known as the Virgin of Urqupiña, who is highly revered by the Bolivian people and the stories of the miracles that lavish their devotees are extraordinary. There, he built a chapel of the Virgin, now has moved image matrix Quillacollo the temple to where pilgrims come from all over Bolivia and South America, to venerate the Virgin Mary of Urkupiña, patron of the National Integration. (By Bishop Francisco Cano Galvarro and Mercedes Anaya Urquidi)

History

In colonial times the Virgin was presented to a poor girl with child and one day told him to take some stones home; the stones became silver and then found the picture on the site of the apparition.
 
virgin face urcupiña
In the mountains of Cota, near Quillacollo, 13 Kms. Cochabamba is the "Calvary Chapel" in honor of the Virgin Mary. It was built around 1943 on the spot where the apparitions of the Blessed Virgin to a girl occurred.
 
The Urkupiña (also called Urqupiña or Urcupiña) is dedicated to the Virgin Mary Asunta that venerates in Quillacollo.
She has been named patroness of National Integration by the government of Bolivia. Although there is no clarity regarding the exact date of official recognition of the Urkupiña as Marian authentic image, it is established that the worship of the image back to the sixteenth century.
 
THE HISTORY
They say that in the colonial era, in the town of Quillacollo, Cochabamba, a little girl helped her parents herding sheep. One day the shepherd appeared a beautiful and dazzling lady carrying a child in her arms, which became his friend.
 
For the child to talk to the lady, who spoke in the native language of the shepherdess, Quechua, and play with the child, it became second nature.
 
Upon arriving at his house, he told his parents about the beautiful lady; They surprised those who heard his daughter tell how "the lady" appeared.
Estranged parents of the shepherdess, shared the fact with the priest of the parish and some neighbors, who decided to ascertain the veracity of the girl.
Urkupiña
Accounts of the event allow to know what names the virgin. The appearance of the Virgin to the little shepherdess not performed once, but instead there were many occasions when this meeting took place, which was narrated by the shepherd to his parents.
Another legend has it the pastor, whose family was very poor, had some sheep grazing in the bushes of a hill. One day she appeared before the Virgin with her young son and said:
"... Lift stones and trasládalas to your home ...".
The girl obediently put stones in her basket and with his load on his back, returned home. There before their astonished eyes, a miracle appeared: the stones had become silver "Ork'hopiña, Ork'hopiña" which in Quechua means "is already on the hill.".
 
In the place where the lady with the baby in her arms would visit the little shepherdess, they found a beautiful image of a lady with her son, whom they called Mary Urkupiña, Spanish name for which is now known to the Virgin. There, the church of Our Lady, which from that time is venerated by the Bolivian people was built.
basilica Urkupiña
 
THE TEMPLE
The present church was built from 1908, his final conclusion was 1947.
The first stone was laid in May 1908 , being at the time pastor Father Fructuoso Mencia, which was expressly called this parish to achieve its construction.
Parsons Mencia successors continued the work under their chances, until the pastor, Francisco Cano Galvarro, 1943 decided it is finally completed. Thus it took shape the façade, soaring towers, taking the style of the temple (basilica type).
The first three seasons, then reached into a dozen. The floor of the altar was raised to result in the Crypt of the Holy Sepulchre.
Temple stands, surrounded himself throughout his free outline also the chapel of the Virgin was built on the high altar, where it is currently enshrined. Likewise, the baptistery and the side altars with a new distribution of sacred images were modified.
San Ildefonso altars were constructed , head of the parish; the Passion and San Pedro. Until finally a party temple was opened on the 14th of August.
Urkupiña Mammy was at all times the touchstone for the enthusiasm of both the pastor and the sheep of the flock of Christ. Through it all the doors and all efforts would be made. In a word, everything that's so great and beautiful Temple of Quillacollo is the result of the tender and sincere devotion of the people towards their "Mommy".
The December 8, 1998, was declared "sanctuary of national integration" Urkupiña's Basilica. The feast is celebrated on August 15th in Quillacollo Cochabamba.
 
2008 celebrated the hundred years since the laying of the foundation stone for the start of construction of our temple.
ucupina dancing background
 
THE FEAST
The feast of Our Lady of Urkupiña, held from 14 to 16 August in Quillacollo, an important province of Cochabamba.
 
This festival honoring the Virgin Mary Urkupiña, invites pilgrims from all over Bolivia and neighboring countries, to visit the shrine.
The religious feast of the Virgin of Urkupiña, patroness of the National Integration is undoubtedly one of the most important religious and folk festivals in the country.
Come walking up to the altar or until the hill of Cota , rather than their appearance, walking the 13 km. that separate Quillacollo from Cochabamba, is one of the signs of love, devotion and faith of believers to the sacred image.
The feast of Our Lady of Urkupiña has become a traditional folk festival, which gathers various youth groups of autochthonous dances, to make a long journey dancing as a form of veneration of the patron saint of Urkupiña.
This unique "Folkloric Entrance" full of color, music, dance, beauty and faith are worthy of admiration. Thousands of dancers wearing elaborate and flashy costumes, dance to the rhythm of folk music, delighting the audience with varied and beautiful choreography.
During the festival, the pilgrims also visit Cota on the hill, a place called Calvary, place stones extracted with the belief that as the extracted stone size, Virgin will compensate in cash.
 
Urkupiña appearance
: Besides miniature objects are acquired small houses, cars, trucks and various objects representing the material desires of believers and that according to testimony thereof, the miraculous Virgin grants.
The party lasts four days. The first day is the "Native Input", and consists in the parade of troops and fraternities indigenous or traditional dances, than dissatisfied by the large number of foreign groups who appeared at the party, they wanted one day to make offerings to the Urkupiña with their music and dances from different parts of Bolivia.
In this first holiday, colorful, dancing and devotion by waving the rainbow flag above the Tiwantinsuyo, where each group greets the Virgin and is blessed by it. Along the way the audience cheers the dancers, either from the stands installed in the sidewalk or from the street, because in each sidewalk there are groups of buddies and mamitas laughing at the sound of the party, dancing and drinking beer, carried away by the music and the virgin, reveling in the festival of colors.
The second and third days are the inputs of other fraternities, and from early morning dance, which extends for several kilometers on a circuit inside the village, until the Temple of San Ildefonso begins.
The fourth day is completely different, begins at midnight of the third day, when thousands of devotees of the Virgin begin the pilgrimage from Cochabamba to Cerro Cota, 13 kilometers away. Before the first rays of sun stick out cocks Mass takes place in the Temple of San Ildefonso, where a wealth of candles illuminates the church and square of Quillacollo patiently as the sky begins to lighten.
 
According to  the amount of money that has been asked, then each devotee should take the rock home. The following year the rock must be returned , must be brought to the hill and be delivered to the Virgin, thus fulfilling the promise to return the favor order the previous year. Upon return the cycle restarts stones, old give and take new, again begging for favors to the Virgin.
And on the hill mines, which are places of extracting rocks are hammered , rock and blessed after challada by sahumadoras, passing orders represent material favors the Virgin, so the size of the rock extracted represents the size please
This concludes the feast of the Virgin of Urkupiña, after four days of popular fervor and devotion , after four days in that mix, overlap and the oldest Andean rituals with the Catholic tradition, after four days melt, and five centuries, in which the Pachamama was the virgin and the virgin has been the Pachamama.

Source: http://forosdelavirgen.org/213/virgen-de-urkupina-bolivia-15-de-agosto/ 

https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virgen_de_Urkupi%C3%B1a
http://www.padulcofrade.com/monograficos/leyendas_y_tradiciones/virgen_urkupina.htm
http://www.urcupina.com/
http://cochabomba.blogspot.com/2014/08/leyenda-de-la-virgen-de-urkupina.html
http://www.lostiempos.com/especiales/edicion/especiales/20140815/origen-de-la-aparicion-de-la-virgen-de-urkupina_270257_593204.html
http://www.oblatos.com/dematovelle/index.php?option=com_content&id=5829:15-de-agosto-nuestra-senora-de-urkupina&Itemid=166
https://www.facebook.com/ALaVirgenDeUrkupina?fref=nf 

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