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Virgen de Zapopan (Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico)

Commemorated on January 18, October 12
Virgen de Zapopan (Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico)
Patron of Jalisco state and the city of Guadalajara, the little Virgin of Zapopan is revered throughout Mexico. In 1541, ten years after the miraculous apparition of Guadalupe, Franciscan Fray Antonio de Segovia, who was said to have converted thousands of Indians with its help, gave the statue to the new mission of Nuestra Señora de la Concepción de Tzapopan near present-day Guadalajara. Devotion to Our Lady of Zapopan increased after she was credited with saving the region from the plague of 1653. She is also invoked against storms and lightning. The Virgencita stands just over a foot high, her hands folded in prayer. A wig of dark tresses and flaring, embroidered vestments cover her painted carmine robe and blue mantle. Also known as La Generala, she wears the sky-blue sash of a nineteenth-century Mexican general and holds a scepter and staff. A copy of the statue, called La Peregrina, the Pilgrim, travels throughout the region during the summer, bringing blessings to those who cannot make the pilgrimage to Zapopan. On her feast day, October 12, the Pilgrim Virgin returns to her sanctuary with incredible pomp atop a new car never before started, covered with flowers, accompanied by Indian dance groups, huge cages full of singing birds, and some 2 million devotees. Archbishop Francisco Orozco y Jiménez crowned the original statue Queen of Jalisco on January 18, 1921.

Source: "Our Lady of Zapopan Shrine," The Mary Page,;
Karen Blue, "October Fiestas," Living at Lake Chapala,
Provincia Franciscana de los Santos Francisco y Santiago en Mexico, 


In 1541 Fray Antonio de Segovia donated to the Indians of this village a small image of Our Lady of the Conception. 
He had accompanied about 10 years to Segovia in all his wanderings through the villages of Jalisco, charging sometimes in the sleeve of his sackcloth, others in a small wooden tabernacle or over the chest.
Since then he has continued to perform miracles, making his pilgrimage go more than 2 million people ...
Zapopan or Tzapopantl, meaning "place between sapodilla sapodilla or place." It was a town of many Indians, belonging to the chieftainship of Atemajac and was fief of the Kingdom of Tonala, in Tzapopantl he surrendered a strong cult idol called Teopilzintli or child god, who offered him "symbolic offerings of rabbits and partridges."
In 1530, Nuño de Guzmán conquered the Kingdom of Tonala and when he came to recognize all parts of this kingdom and Zapopan was also conquered after the war Mixton (Oblates in the canyon), in which the large concentration occurred chimalhuacana in 1541.
The foundation of Tzapopantl occurred on December 8, 1541 by Encomendero Francisco Bobadilla , with Indians Jalostotitlán, the August 20, 1824 was elevated to the category of town, on March 13, 1837 to head of population and 21 August 1991 to city status.
That December 8, 1541, Father Fray Antonio de Segovia in the company of Fray Angel de Valencia, donated to the Indians of this village a small image of Our Lady of the Conception , this was accompanied by about 10 years in all Segovia his wanderings through the villages of Jalisco, charging sometimes in the sleeve of his sackcloth, others in a small wooden tabernacle or over the chest.
The chronicles tell us that when the Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza Mixton besieged the hill and after a fierce battle, rose Fray Antonio de Segovia to the strengths of the Indians accompanied by Fray Miguel de Bologna, wearing only his breviary, a crucifix and Small image of Nuestra Señora de la Concepción around his chest , began to tell them the Indians go down in peace and they both were moved by the words of the father as the image of the Virgin.
Day and a half over six thousand Indians, who were led by the parents before the viceroy surrendered and he spared their lives, being all alone. Therefore, Antonio de Segovia called his small picture "The Peacemaker."
In 1541, newly delivered Indians image by Fray Miguel de Bologna, his merits as is proclaimed on pacifying Mixton war.
History tells us that in 1609 this chapel and collapsed on hearing the noise, ran the Indians believing find his image shattered, removed debris and to everyone's surprise, there was an image without a scratch.
Soon after, gave sight to a man born blind and in a span of a hundred years did very many miracles.
The Indians hid the image for fear that they are removed, but the degree Diego de Herrera, who had the care of Zapopan June 14, 1637, noted that natural were very fond of the picture "because it was so miraculous"; told the bishop Juan Ruiz Colmenero what happened in Zapopan, and in 1653 made lifting a testimonial information and by decree, declared "miraculous" to the image of Our Lady of the Conception of Zapopan and ordered that only his party would be held on 18 December each year.
In the late seventeenth century, Guadalajara suffered a terrible epidemic and Bishop Juan Santiago León Garabito sent to Our Lady of Zapopan, was brought to the cathedral and another strange event happened, the doctors of the city declared that the epidemic had ceased.
In 1721, the image again visited the city and they say, Manuel de Mimbela with a touch of the garments of royalty, came to life for four days to be arranged and prepared to die , after what happened with Mimbela, the Virgin through the city because he had fever. And coming neighborhood disappeared evil.
Shortly after, lightning killed the sexton of the church of St. John of God, religious Fray Bernardo went to put the holy oils, but was killed by a falling another beam.
This case prompted the clergy, the audience and the residents of the city to swear to Our Lady of Zapopan "Patroness of Guadalajara" against storms, lightning and epidemics. oath that was made on 5 November and found that every year will bring his holy image, from 13 June to 4 October to visit the churches of the city neighborhoods (as practiced today).
In 1542 a small poor church was built with adobe walls, thatched roof and decorated with flowers became natural, here the picture which they say began shedding a continuous series of miracles, on which were placed " witnesses abandoned "the Indians of this village.
The architectural work of the present Basilica is a worthy example of Guadalajara mode, built with this clear and variegated quarry Atemajac dominion valley, but with a profuse surface decoration, reminiscent of the shallowness of the plateresco, but now applied to Baroque in his best season.
The outer set is monumental and now that has dignified his surroundings with great spatial sense, very Ochoa. The church does a good height and the ratio between the towers and the facade is excellent. The decor is new and forms remind us of the regional style horn is seen in Santa Anita, Santa Cruz de las Flores, Cajititlán and Analco.
This cover provides a contrast to the sobriety of the enormous Franciscan convent portals and College of Propaganda Fide which hosted missionary hosts that here left for the West. The interior is contrasting the Latin cross nave is small and, being rich and bejeweled image, this presence does not translate to the church, which is always crowded with faithful Guadalajara.


The image measures 34 cm and is apparently cornstalks, juxtaposed and pasted with glue, so it is believed was made in Michoacán , where this procedure was common at the time of the conquest. His hands seem to be wood and coarse features. Many images of these features owe their origin to the Franciscan missionaries who settled in the hospital under the patronage of the Conception or mostly, as already indicated, under the name of the people that gave.
He tells us that the chronicler Fray Francisco Frejes, that when the father brought Segovia, had a medium body and then I formed the other part that was missing.
The Franciscans tried to find data in its construction, to ensure their Spanish origin, if not entirely, yes the head and hands, being harder than the rest of the body, but its weight, lighter than the wood, not allowed to secure the whole.
Another point was the color of his skin, tan like the natives, and their height , easy situation to resolve with the following arguments Fr. Luis Refuge: First , "the color is somewhat obscure, rather due to the much antiquity, since centuries, is and has it been covered with one and even two veils, one large and one small (now no longer covers) ... and this deprivation of light fills causes the sculptures are colored with oil they will be turning yellow and dark, smoke that is inserted through the cracks in the niche, has also brought its quota, so that today is his swarthy or dark olive-skinned. " Second , "The proportions -34 inches of tiny body from head to toe-appear to indicate that they wanted a little girl. "
The study of other ancient images, made by researchers, allowing them to conclude "in the opinion of a distinguished botanist, it is possible they were made with marrow Tacote Amarillo, since it consists almost entirely of cellulose, but not the maize stalk -who claimed the body-was built, which by its high water content makes waste away when dry. With respect to the binder or glue-between the straws that give volume and shape-, says he knows the shrubs commonly called Bobo Palo Palo Blanco in Jalisco and in other regions, which secretes a latex adhesive qualities that can be used for the case. As tacote often grows in cornfields, the general confusion can be explained by attributing to the latter plant the bone that was used in making the dough Michoacana. "
The type of glaze used was another guide to ensure that "Our Lady of Zapopan is entirely indigenous Hand" whole Mexican making.
Today the Virgin stands treading a crescent, the robe is painted red and blue mantle dark thread of gold, and their hands are joined at the chest, to have so that we can adapt cloth upholstery, we disrupted the mantle Around, around your head and under your arms. Has painted eyes, her lips a little thick and closed, has the honor of being the first image is worshiped in Jalisco lands.
Always wear rich cloth of gold and silver, sometimes wears blue and white or red and blue, chest cross embroidered blue gold band, under his hands is a reliquary of gold and precious stones, with a child Jesus gold in the center.
Displays a gold scepter adorned with pearls, diamonds and rubies, a golden staff, two medallions and some keys of the same metal, also has a small suitcase of gold, have been declared "Patron of Travelers Agents".
On his cavalier false Curly, is imperial crown of gold, adorned with emeralds, diamonds, pearls and other precious stones around his head is a halo of yellow metal with precious stones, with a white dove in attitude down representing the Spirit Santo.
At his feet a crescent of gold appears, this step on a piece of solid silver, weighing 55 kilos, shaped pilaster ornament with flower garlands, shields and some paintings depicting its history, the whole well chiseled, it was a gift on the day of his papal coronation.


Of the titles that have given to the Virgin of Zapopan are:
1654 miracle-worker; 
1734 Protective lightning, storms and epidemics of this noble city and its inhabitants; 
1821 Patroness and General of the Army Trigarante, ratified in his military appointment by the General Blancarte in 1852 and for the third time in 1894 by Congress and the governor of Jalisco, Luis del Carmen Curiel. 
Yahtzee 1823 and Universal Protection of Free and Sovereign State of Jalisco; 
1946 Patron of the Franciscan Province of Saints Francis and James; 
1979 True Star of Evangelization, 
1989 Patroness of the Archdiocese of Guadalajara, 
1919 Pope gives the papal coronation as Queen of Jalisco, 
1940 Pope Pius XII adorns its headquarters Basilica category added to the privileges of the San Juan de Lateran in Rome, Archbishop Garibi Rivera 1942, placed him in the hands of the Virgin "keys" of the "Pearl of the West".

Their main celebrations are December 18, day of Expectation, the January 18 anniversary of the coronation and solemn visits to all parishes of Guadalajara, from June 13 to October 4. But the most popular of all is the famous pilgrimage October 12.
The image makes its entrance every June 13 of each year, to start your visit to the temples and parishes of Guadalajara city, to return to their sanctuary on October 12 (The Pilgrimage).
The image of the Virgin of Zapopan began his travels in 1609 with the original sculpture and in 1648, began his visits to the peoples of the Kingdom of New Galicia, with a replica that was called "Traveling". Since 1999, the traditional period of visits corresponds to the so called 'rainy weather', situated between May 20 and October 12, and comprises about 170 communities, in addition to various hospitals, factories and markets for their routes in the metropolitan area of Guadalajara. It should be noted that there is also a list of untimely visits within and outside the diocesan territory, throughout the year.
Traditional festivals to thank and dismiss Our Lady Zapopan, now begin on October 9, when the image is received in the Cathedral, by the Ecclesiastical Council.
Previously, visit the Corona market where their mouse sawdust and flowers covering its corridors are remarkable, and the altar at the center ramp market.
As is tradition, the council will celebrate a solemn Triduum, culminating in the Thanksgiving Mass for the Diocese, Eucharist celebrated in the Cabañas Cultural Institute Esplanade afternoon of day 11. After the Mass, the image is taken back to Cathedral, on a litter carried by priests, followed by bishops, preceded by the Ecclesiastical Council and the various sections of the seminar, and surrounded by an impressive crowd of faithful along this route will pray the Rosary, with the Mysteries alternating ridges and catechesis.
Approaching the procession to the Cathedral, are cast bells flight, bursting joy of the people, who, under the broad vaults of the cathedral, with all its lights burning, creating an impressive and deeply felt religious emotion.
Entered the picture in the Cathedral, he changes clothes, traditional clothing with ataviándola pilgrimage: shawl and hat.
Once the vigil begins, lasting until dawn. Throughout the night, the sound of the many dances they arrive by different streets to dance in front of cathedral and go taking the place previously assigned listening.
At five o'clock an auxiliary bishop celebrates Mass Farewell Virgin, while outside the cortege will ordained to an organized, walk her back to Zapopan.
At the door of the Cathedral is acclaimed the crowd waited outside the time and look like a new blessing. The bells are cast back into flight, the Virgin standing on a float decorated specially for the purpose, and the grand procession begins.
Courtship has an area of more than three kilometers. The pilgrimage to Zapopan takes up to 3 hours and involved about two million people.
Most of the facades of the houses, on the route of the procession, are decorated in multiple ways, while neighbors organized by individuals or blocks offer numerous arches of flowers with their 'shells', and frames, requests or praises to the Virgin. The gift of offerings is uncountable.


The Virgin of Zapopan is also known as Our Lady of Expectation. She is also referred to as La Generala or the Zapopanita. In 1734, she was proclaimed Patroness against storms and lightning. The statue stays in Guadalajara from June 13 to October 12. After Mexico became independent in 1821, the Virgin was proclaimed Patroness of the State of Jalisco. [1]
On March 1, 1942 She was canonically crowned on January 18, 1921,[2] in a ceremony that included presenting the keys to the city of Guadalajara.
The Romería of the Virgin of Zapopan is an annual pilgrimage from the Guadalajara Cathedral to the Basilica of Zapopan.[3]
It is considered the third most important pilgrimage in the country, after the one of the Virgin of Guadalupe, and the Virgin of San Juan de los Lagos. The Romería of the Virgin of Zapopan consists of a route 8 km in length, from the metropolitan Guadalajara Cathedral, to the Basilica of Our Lady of Zapopan.
At dawn on October 12 of each year a procession of lay Catholics, pre-Columbian dancers, mendicants, priests and seminarians carries a statue of the Virgin Mary from the cathedral to the basilica. The figure of the virgin goes accompanied by more than 1,000,000 people.[4][5] This festival involves most of the population of both cities and finishes with a mass in the plaza outside the basilica. The event ends with traditional dances and evening fireworks.[6]



Oh Madre Santísima de Zapopan,
Patrona y Reina mía.
Te suplico que si en este día, en esta noche,
alguna sentencia fuere dada en mi contra,
sea revocada por tu intercesión,
ante la Divina Majestad: Padre, Hijo y Espíritu Santo.
Oh Estrella de la Evangelización,
Pacificadora y Generala,
haz que por tu intercesión
prospere la Fe Católica en nuestra patria mexicana.
Señora, Virgen de la Expectación,
danos tu bendición y llévanos
por buen camino.




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