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Nuestra Señora de Begoña, Vizcaya, España

Commemorated on October 11
Nuestra Señora de Begoña, Vizcaya, España The image of the Virgin of Begoña was from the beginning of the fourteenth century in the small rural church that was to Begoña. Could be the lord of Biscay, Diego López de Haro, or some of his predecessors, who donate Begoña image.

History

The Basilica of Our Lady of Begoña is the sanctuary of the Mother of God of Begoña, patron of the lordship of Vizcaya, located in the capital thereof, Bilbao, Spain.
Bego means oña Hold the foot ("Leave me here" or "At your feet") in the Basque dialect of Biscay.
Legend has it that the Virgin Mary appeared in the hollow of an oak, on Mount Artagan. According to another tradition, he found a shepherd on a thorn.
It has a strong devotion among seafarers. since the sixteenth century are numerous boats enrollment Bilbao who have held the name "Virgin of Begoña" or "Begoña" simply.
The custom of seafarers to reach the corner of the Ria de Bilbao, which runs alongside the neighborhood that just carries the name "La Salve", which was to see the towers of the Basilica of Begoña began to pray a "Hail" to the Virgin in gratitude for having protected his sailors travel .
 
IMAGE AND LEGEND
Legend has it that the Virgin Mary appeared in the hollow of an oak, on Mount Artagan. According to another tradition, he found a shepherd on a thorn.
Built there a chapel tiny, but when later wanted to find a more suitable for worship location and were to be moved from the site, the image of the Virgin were rooted to the ground, a voice spoke the words: Begooña,! Hold it means your foot!.
The height of the height is 0.93 meters, linden wood, sitting on a simple stool, backless seats the child on her knees. The image was severed its original carved wood crown and instead received a crown of precious metal.
The image of the Virgin of Begoña was from the beginning of the fourteenth century in the small rural church that was to Begoña. Could be the lord of Biscay, Diego López de Haro, or some of his predecessors, who donated the picture to Begoña.
 
HISTORY
The london (June 15, 1300) Letter is not the first document mentioning Begoña. A pure geographical references we find in 1162.
In 1672 the Lordship of Vizcaya published an engraving of the Virgin, with the arms of the Lordship standing in the flame "special advocate and protector of the Very Noble and Loyal Lordship of Vizcaya."
In 1738, the General Meeting of the Lordship of Vizcaya, gathered in Guernica, a proposal of Begoña del Cura, Don Pedro de Norzagaray, agreed to receive the Virgin of Begoña as patroness and Advocate of Lordship.
In the eighteenth century, Begoña reached the height of its splendor. A few years and wars (Napoleonic invasion Carlist Wars) all reduced to a pile of rubble.
In September 1900 he made the solemn canonical coronation , Bishop of Vitoria, Don Ramón Fernández Piérola, Apostolic Delegate to the coronation, celebrated the Pontifical Mass and subsequent coronation.
The Sacred Congregation of Rites declared patron saint of Biscay to the Virgin of Begoña at its meeting on April 21, 1903, with Pope Leo XIII . At age 50 I returned to be by the Nuncio, with a preparatory mission in Bilbao and Radio Message of Pius XII.
The March 27, 1908, Pius X granted the title of the temple minor basilica .
 
MIRACLES
A Lady of Begoña went through difficult times. The slopes of the Virgin to Bilbao during flooding of the town in the years 1651, 1737, 1762 and 1775 are multitudinous.
Of all the extraordinary manifestations of this title has to stand the supplication of September 8, 1855, when the cholera was raging Bilbao. According the councils and councils of Begoña and Bilbao fell to the Virgin in solemn supplication. In the following days there was not a new case and the epidemic quickly disappeared.
 
BEGOÑA BASILICA IN THE HISTORY OF THE BASQUE COUNTRY
The monumental character of Begoña is based on the building itself, a magnitude that is not easily understood in terms of religious service in a church, but as a sanctuary for broad impact in their environment.
On a primitive chapel was built in the sixteenth century the present church, designed by Arego Sancho Martinez, who was also responsible for the work of San Antón rigger.
It is a church with three naves basilica without transept, covered with vaults in the seventeenth century , coinciding with the work of the choir drew Martín Ibáñez de Zalbidea in 1621. Therefore, the work lasted a century, and which had begun in 1511.
The Basilica of Begoña was part of the defensive perimeter of Bilbao during the Carlist siege of the nineteenth century , resulting in damaged them. The Carlist general Zumalacarregui was mortally wounded near the basilica, all of which made a Carlist Basilica sanctuary.
The front of the basilica esplanade witnessed the events Begoña. The August 16, 1942 a bomb was thrown at the exit of the basilica, supposedly by Phalangists on a group of Chartists, with several injuries as a result. A Falangist, Juan José Domínguez, was executed as punishment, although their participation in facts is disputed by some.
In 1835, the first Carlist War, the facade and the tower was destroyed. In 1876 work began on the new restoration of Begoña. In June 1881 the tower was completed. The current façade at the foot tower is proposed and José María Basterra and conducted between 1902 and 1907, while the current sacristy was built between 1900 and 1903.
Throughout this century construction unit course varied somewhat Gothic style, since the mid-sixteenth century the main entrance is formulated as a magnificent Mannerist arch triumph, which is very reminiscent of Gil Castilian Hontañón works. The rest keeps the referred Unit gothic style, but the chorus reveals the mood of tracista classicist.
 
 
 
 

Approval

WORSHIP AND CELEBRATIONS
The Basilica of Begoña is attached to the Basilica of St. John Lateran, so that you can acquire a plenary indulgence on the usual conditions.
The main festivities take place on 15 August, the day of the Assumption of Mary (also called "Day Amatxu" to mean "Amatxu" mother in Basque), and on October 11, the feast of Begoña. It is because ancient tradition that the Brotherhood of Begoña organize two separate acts.

Prayers

PRAYER TO OUR LADY OF BEGOÑA
Do not forget, Blessed Virgin, the sorrows of the earth. 
Dirigid a kind look on suffering 
struggling cons adversity and whose lips 
never cease to speed up the chalice of bitterness of this life. 
Have pity on those who loved and have been separated. 
Have pity on the failings of our faith. 
Have pity on those we love. 
Have pity on those who weep, 
those who pray and those who fear. 
Give them all the hope and peace.

Shrines

Resources

Additional information