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Nuestra Senora de Coromoto, Portuguesa, Venezuela

Commemorated on September 11, February 2, September 8
Nuestra Senora de Coromoto, Portuguesa, Venezuela The first apparition of the Virgin Mary was in the forest where the Cospes had fled, on September 8, 1652, when the Virgin appeared to the Cacique (ruler) of the Cospes Coromoto and his wife, saying in his own language: "Go to the white house and ask them to pour water into their head to go to heaven"; then, the Virgin asked him and his tribe to be baptized.

History

Timeline
 
1591
 
When the city of Guanare (capital of Portuguesa state) was founded, the Indian tribe who inhabited the region, the Cospes, fled to the north jungle. Then the evangelization of that lands began.
 
September 8, 1652
 
The first apparition of the Virgin Mary was in the forest where the Cospes had fled, when the Virgin appeared to the Cacique (ruler) of the Cospes Coromoto and his wife, saying in his own language: "Go to the white house and ask them to pour water into their head to go to heaven"; then, the Virgin asked him and his tribe to be baptized.
 
September 16, 1652
 
According to the oral tradition, Cacique Coromoto told the encomendero don Juan Sánchez about this vision, saying that after eight days of a brief teaching of cathecism, the entire tribe would had been ready to receive baptism.
 
Several indigenous Cospes converted and were baptized, but not the chief, because he did not feel at ease: under a new religion he feared not to be recognized as the legitime chief. Indian Chief Coromoto fled, and took refuge in the forest, the Virgin appeared to him again, and Chief Coromoto, blinded by anger, raised his arm to order the apparition to grab and go. This appearance was confirmed by a miraculous mark made of wood fibers, which were then searched and found. The relic is venerated today in the National Shrine of Our Lady of Coromoto.
 
Cacique Coromoto told the story that he was bitten by a poisonous snake and returned to Guanare wounded and near death, and began to ask in order to receive baptism, which was administered in Barinas region. He got baptized, became an apostle of Christianism and asked the remant of the group of rebel Cospes Indian under his command to be baptized.
 
 
 
Then, after several years, the Chief Coromoto, now with the Christian name of Angel Custodio, died of old age.
 
1698
 
The appearance of "Our Beloved Lady" was recognized by the Church.
 
1942
 
She was declared by the archbishop of Venezuela Mother Protectress of Venezuela
 
1944
 
Pope Pius XII declared her the Patroness of Venezuela.
 
Pope John Paul II was crowned the image in his visit to the Marian shrine in Guanare.
 
Pope Benedict XVI elevated the National Shrine of Our Lady of Coromoto to the rank of Minor Basilica.

One day in 1652, the chief Coromoto and his wife crossed a stream and saw a lady of extraordinary beauty who told them in their language: "Go home whites and ask him to take them to the water in the head (baptism ) in order to go to heaven. " 
... SEE VIDEOS ...
Several of the Indians were baptized, not the Cacique who missed the forest where the sent and had to obey. This made preparing his escape. But on Saturday, September 8, 1652, the Virgin reappears in the hut, in the presence of Coromoto ...
The Virgin of Our Lady of Coromoto is the patroness of Venezuela. Much venerated in the city of Pretoria, where he appeared over 350 years ago, and throughout the country.
The Spanish arrived in the area of Pretoria to the late sixteenth century. On November 3, 1591, Captain Juan Fernandez de Leon, founded the city of the Holy Spirit of the Valle de San Juan de Guanaguanare, city of Pretoria today. The town was moved to where it is today in the seventeenth century.
When the city of Pretoria was founded, the Indians who inhabited the region, Cospes fled into the jungle in the north of the city.
 
HISTORY
The story began as a devotion to the Virgin of Coromoto focuses on a group of Indians in the region, the tribe of "the Cospes". This tribe, with the arrival of the white man, from the place decided to continue with their customs. Abandoned their land and headed northwest of the city of Pretoria, close to the banks of the river Tucupido, where for many years lived away from the city landscape. This hindered the Catholic church evangelization was undertaken.
One day in 1652, the chief Coromoto and his wife crossed a stream and saw a lady of extraordinary beauty who told them in their language: "Go home whites and ask him to take them to the water in the head (baptism ) in order to go to heaven " .
Coincidentally a Spanish named Juan Sanchez, passed by and the Cacique Coromoto related what happened. Juan Sanchez then asked him to join the tribe, that would happen in a week to teach everything you need to throw them water. Indeed, when he returned the Indians marched with an angle between the Guanaguanare rivers and Tucupido, where they distributed land and began the catechism, to prepare them for baptism.
Several of the Indians were baptized, not the Cacique who missed the forest where the sent and had to obey. This made preparing his escape. Yet on Saturday September 8, 1652, the Virgin reappears in the hut, in the presence of Coromoto, his wife, his sister Isabel and a nephew of this. (It is, incidentally, the only time the Blessed Virgin appeared to a family).
On this occasion, which marked the beginning of the devotion to the Blessed Virgin of Coromoto, the Virgin appeared to the Indian, surrounded by a luminous aura and the chief said, "How long I want to pursue, and I do not what you send me?. " The chief gets the arrow points to kill her. As the Virgin Mary came to him, Coromoto shoots the arrow and try to push her, but she disappears, leaving on hand a small scroll with your image.
A boy ran to tell Juan Sanchez, who with two companions were the site of the emergence and collected the precious relic. They took part in the civil and ecclesiastical authorities, who despite not believe resolved bring the scroll to the Church of Pretoria in 1654, where he remained in a locket until 1987, when it was embedded in the pedestal of the wooden image that is now day in the temple "National Shrine of Our Lady of Coromoto".
The Coromoto cacique fled to the forest, and seeing that the Blessed Virgin had not accomplished anything with, let a venomous snake bite him. Then he turned his heart to God and began to ask baptism, which was administered to him by a passerby Barinas.
When he became an apostle baptized and asked Indians not to scatter the missionary and to be baptized. As a result, the Indians formed a community Cospes very fervent faithful.
 
IMAGE
The Virgin of Coromoto is a tiny relic that measures 27 millimeters high by 22 wide. The material could be stamped parchment or "tissue paper", the Virgin is painted half-length , sits and holds the Child Jesus on her lap. Its appearance is to be drawn with a fine pen, like a portrait drawn in India ink with stripes and dots.
The Virgin and Child looking straight ahead; erect their crowned heads. Two columns linked by an arc forming the back of the throne that holds them. The virgin covers her shoulders with a crimson robe with dark purple highlights. A white veil falls symmetrically on her hair covering them devoutly. The robe of the Virgin is straw colored and the child is white as her veil.
On 1 May 1942 was declared Patroness of Venezuela by the National Bishops of that country. On October 7, 1944, Pope Pius XXII, declared "Celeste and Principal Patroness of the entire Republic of Venezuela" canonical coronation was held in 1952.
 
SANCTUARY
Between the heat and the breeze Plain, 25 kilometers from Pretoria via Barinas (state of Portuguesa), is the National Shrine of Our Lady of Coromoto enclosure which houses the original relic of the image, as well as the faith of hundreds of pilgrims flock to this holy abode.
The National Shrine of Our Lady of Coromoto was declared a Basilica by Pope Pius XII on May 24, 1949 and was consecrated on January 7, 1996, and opened with a solemn Mass presided by His Holiness Pope John Paul II, 10 February 1996.
The first temple of some importance in Pretoria began in 1710 and was completed by Father Francisco Valenzuela in 1742. This church did not last long, since it was damaged by the earthquake of October 15, 1782 and had to be closed. Work on the reconstruction began in 1788 and ended on November 3, 1807.
The project to build the present sanctuary as the architect Erasmo Calvani developed in 1975, but it was not until early 1980 when work began.
It was built using concrete. It has two parallel towers about 80 feet high, and a dome (sort of dome) of about 54 meters. In the ambulatory you can admire beautiful stained glass windows by the artist Guillermo Márquez. It has marble floors and three altars, in 
cluding the main altar.
It covers more than 4 thousand square meters and can accommodate two thousand five hundred people comfortably situated, a huge parking lot and green areas around.
It has a rich structure in Christian symbolism, and has two chapels, three altars, a pond, balconies, gazebos and more than 400 meters from windows, one of which is located behind the main altar and tells the legend of the emergence of Virgin.
Arriving at Votive Temple, you can understand why Pretoria is ranked as the spiritual city of Venezuela. The impressive building is perched on the hut was Indian and his wife, where the Virgin appeared for the second time September 8, 1652.
The sanctuary is divided into three parts. On the first floor is the main altar shaped hut, with a stained glass window designed by William Marquez which represents the history of the Virgin, from onset to the time of the coronation.
Behind the altar is the throne of the Virgin, which reflects in the eyes of the pilgrims heritage of faith, that the Mother of God deposited on the hands of Indian Coromoto, the relic (a scroll with a thick glass which is the image).
Two altars more complete the majesty of the place. On the left side is the Altar Book of the Blessed Sacrament, in this you have Jesus in the consecrated host as the name implies. The right side is the Altar San Juan Bautista, where baptisms are done and has a representation of the Apparition of the Virgin.
The site invites you to silence and recollection, more than 400 meters in stained glass with virgins, saints and Christian figures, bathe enclosure color. The roof has an elliptical shape, with two dignified, from the inside represents the Papal Mitra, from outside a boat.
Stained Glass Cross, which measures 110 square meters, symbolizing the Holy Trinity and all his might in a triangle. reflected God the Father with his hands, Christ crucified, and the Holy Spirit as a dove, this is adorned with prairie reasons many flowers, branches, palms, flora and Portuguese, to give property.
In the basement is the Coromoto Museum, there is exposure of all objects that people bring in thanksgiving to Our Lady for all the miracles that have been granted, promises.
A place of remembrance is the Papal Chamber, there remain intact all the accessories used by Pope John Paul II in his last visit to Venezuela. Starting toothbrush, sunscreen, water bottles. As well as the clothes of the Supreme Pontiff, the Papal Mitra, besides the ciborium, chalice and skullcap he used in a mass Venezuelan membership in his heart.
 
PARTY COROMOTANA
From 29 August to 11 September, the church celebrates the coromotana week. A caravan departs from Pretoria to the National Shrine, September 7. Arriving performed 40 hours of prayer with exposition of the Blessed, to begin the vigil.
8, at six in the morning, Dawn Rosary is prayed until eleven o'clock the Bishop of Pretoria, celebrate the Holy Mass ".
By September 11, the image is transferred to the Virgin of Coromoto, who blessed Pope John Paul II in 1985 to Pretoria to commemorate the canonical coronation of 1952.
 
NEW FINDINGS ON THE IMAGE
In a press conference held on September 4, 2009 at the headquarters of the Venezuelan Episcopal Conference (CEV) on the occasion of the restoration of the Virgin of Coromoto, patroness of Venezuela, the new findings concerning the tiny image is presented, related to the first evangelization of this land.
The tiny image measures 2.5 cm high and 2 cm wide. Over the 357 years that have elapsed since its inception, has been exposed to different factors that had caused deterioration.
For this reason the members of the Jesus Maria Way Foundation, located in Maracaibo, from 2002 began a campaign to restore the damage that hid much of the image of the Virgin with the infant Jesus. This Foundation took over, with Monsignor Jose Manuel Brito, rector of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Coromoto, to promote the project and contact this group of experts who participated in it, and also to get the funds to cover the process .
In early 2009, the Bishop of Pretoria José Sotero Valero Ruz, presented the project to the Venezuelan Episcopal Conference, which after receiving several assessments of the state of the Relic, granted permission to proceed with the restoration.
From 9 to 15 March 2009, in a laboratory installed for this process, the House The Beautiful Lady, within the vicinity of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Coromoto, the team composed by Pablo Enrique Gonzalez and restaurateurs Nancy Jimenez, accompanied by José Luis Matheus, director of the Zulia Foundation and Monsignor Jose Manuel Brito as custodians of the process, the work of maintaining displays began, to successfully achieving and throwing a series of findings so far been unknown .
Throughout the process, were discovered unknown elements. The first fact that attention was, once analyzed water used in the treatment, the pH was found to be neutral, fact inexplicable.
It was detected the presence of several symbols, which according to anthropologist Nemesio Montiel inquiries are of indigenous origin.
By microscopic observation, was identified in the eyes of the Virgin, from less than 1 millimeter (about 2 microns), the presence of iris, made particularly disconcerting because it was thought that the eyes of the image were mere points.
Upon further study of the left eye of the Madonna, it was possible to define an eye with the characteristics of a human eye clearly differentiates the ocular globe, lacrimal duct, iris and a small point of light in it.
Maximizing the light spot, it was observed that the same seems to be the image of a human figure with very specific characteristics.
The crown of the Virgin and Child are typically Indian. 

Approval

In 1698 the appearance of "Our Beloved Lady" of Covadonga was recognized by the Church. In 1944, Pope Pius XII declared Our Lady of Coromoto the Patroness of Venezuela. Pope John Paul II crowned the image in his visit to the Marian shrine in Guanare, and Pope Benedict XVI elevated the National Shrine of Our Lady of Coromoto to the rank of Minor Basilica. 
 
The feast of Our Lady of Coromoto – Queen of Venezuela is February 2nd .

Prayers

Beautiful Lady Mary, Virgin Mother of the Redeemer, with you we praise and glorify the Father in the Holy Spirit through Jesus Christ. We beseech you that, just as in Coromoto you guided the steps of the Indians towards the baptismal grace, you may now capture the heart of the
Venezuelans, and bring them to the renewal of their faith. 
 
Virgin of Coromoto, patron of Venezuela, bless the evangelistic action of the Church in our Country so that she might be fortress and defense of the faith of your children, and beginning of a renewal of the Christian customs.
 
Source: International Marian Research Institute 

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