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Nuestra Señora del Rosario (Andacollo, Chile)

Commemorated on First Saturday of October, December 24
Nuestra Señora del Rosario (Andacollo, Chile)
Andacollo receives its named after a miracle of the Virgin. An Indian who was mining received a strange light in the copper mine where he worked and vision said "There are many steps ahead - look among the highest cliffs that are in the plain that stretches over your head. Collo Anda".
And there he found a small wooden statue of the Virgin of dark complexion, which then proved to be miraculous.
The dedication has 2 feasts, the Great Feast that is between 24 and 26 December, and the feast celebrated on the first weekend of October. 


Andacollo is a commune of Chile located in the Elqui Province in the Coquimbo Region. The economy has historically depended Andacollo mining.
The history of Andacollo is its Virgin and its deposits of copper and gold. Located at the bottom of a ravine, 55 km SE of Coquimbo and a height of 1,053 mts. above sea level, its origin predates the arrival of the conquistadors. A mid-fifteenth century, the Incas dominated the Chilean territory until Pampanga river and exploited, among others, mineral rich area of coquimbana, and Marga-Marga Andacollo.

The word derives from the Quechua Andacollo Anta-Coya, meaning "copper-queen." In this town is the miraculous image of the Virgin Mary so lovingly venerated year after year, through the religious dances, called "Chinese", "turbans" and dancers ".
Manuel Concha in his book "Traditions Serenenses" writes about finding: One evening an old Indian slept with that heavy sleep has worked tirelessly during the day at one of the tastings of his master, when he noticed that the mine had suddenly illuminated, and the light grew in intensity.
A little, a luminous point, it seemed clear that the focus of light and sweet, start to change shape, to take physical consistency to emerge something like a floating object, a thing impalpable. Then he heard clearly and distinctly, a vague but understandable voice that said:
"There is a wealth steps from you, looking among the highest cliffs that are in the plain that stretches over your head. Collo Go! "
Voice ceased and the light was extinguished.
The next night, turned to renew the vision, and the same voice said, "Thine be wealth. Go, go, Collo! "
"Worried excess realized his love of what he had seen and heard. The Spanish, in relation to the Indian, he saw nothing but the providential accomplishment of his desires: "Go and discover the wealth, but as you come up empty you have to cut off the ears".
The Indian Collo departed, some family companion, and to break off a large piece appeared shaky, half hidden, a small statue of rough-hewn wood, swarthy face funny.
This is because, according to tradition that is not supported by any document, the origin of the Virgin of Andacollo. 

Spirituality Shrine is associated with the countless miracles attributed to the Virgin of Andacollo. Already in 1748, on the occasion of his visit to the shrine Manuel Alday, bishop of Santiago, a chronicler wrote:
"This Lady sovereign credits his august patronage and trust in Him have, with noticeable, frequent and recent wonders subitáneas counted as cures for incurable diseases and aging and even raised the dead."
The work for over 100 years have made the Claretian Missionaries in Andacollo, who have contributed both spiritually and materially is also important. For example, in 1905 he started publishing the magazine "Star Andacollo" and in 1916 founded the popular savings box, installed public and biographer gramophone, among other things.
Miracles of the Virgin and Child Andacollo Sotaquí God, are known throughout Chile and abroad. chronicles If all the graces bestowed by the Mother of God and her Divine Son was made, would subject for a book.
Already in 1748, on the occasion of his visit to the shrine Manuel Alday, bishop of Santiago, a chronicler wrote: Juan Ramón Ramírez, collects the famous miracle of Rosa Galleguillos, which occurred on December 26, 1860. The Galleguillos cripple threw his crutches to audience, accompanied the procession and returned home, standing firm.
In the "Book of Tender Mercies of the Virgin," Ramirez tells the case of a resurrected after two hours in the water and four hours of being taken for dead.
Another extraordinary event that gathers the annals of the sanctuary is known as "The Sword of the turban." The correction of a dance turbans could not ascend to the party and lent his sword to another checker, this accompanied the dancing group and when he reached the Virgin, could not draw his sword. He and four men. Upon his return, returned the sword and unsheathed the corrector sick easily.
In 1871, Andacollo suffered the scourge of smallpox plague that resulted in few days over thirty victims. The village priest asked the Virgin scour Urmeneta street procession. This was done and the plague was stayed.
In the "Star Andacollo" magazine, founded in 1905, and "Our Lady of Andacollo", founded in 1928, gives a detailed account of many Marian favors granted to dancers and devotees. Here are some of them:
"The evicted. Any longer and still lives " 
"Removing a bullet in the kidneys" 
"Sana dead time" 
"Kidney corrupted extracted with happiness" 
"The Virgin granted land to build a house" 
"Happy Delivery and improvement of the membrane" 
"Dying hours. He is saved by a miracle " 
"Stopping urine" 
"facial paralysis" 
"Escape cancer," 
"Escape appendicitis" "Sana of severe headaches contact image" 
"Born blind healed" 
"Got occupation for your child " 
"Saved a collapsed mine" 
"Fourteen calculations liver" 
"Fat Virgin saves paralysis of the right arm" 
"Improvement of foot I chabalongo" 
"Saved Mouse and a large tumor in hock leg" 
"Sana with Virgin oil in the soup " 
"Trinidad Palma healthy in a very long dysentery" 
"leg healed with holy fat" 
"A healthy family of a malignant grain" 
"Flood. All saved climbing a willow " 
"Doña Pilar M. Sanchez, of Argentina, healed of an issue of blood " 
"Not five minutes took the Virgin grant grace" 
"Sana deaf from birth," 
"Sana sick of his face swollen and twisted mouth" 
"Save a suit of fire " 

In addition to simple ramada that sheltered the first image, the cult of the Virgin Mary has given rise to the construction of four successive temples .
In the late sixteenth century he erected a chapel priest doctrinero Juan Gaytan Mendoza. In 1676, to mark the arrival of the second image, the priest Bernardino Alvarez de Tobar lifted another church.
A third temple made by Manuel Alday by bishop of Santiago. Finally, the great basilica, visitors and devotees astonishment, opened on December 25, 1893 , was the work of the bishops Manuel José Orrego and Florencio Fontecilla. The plans were executed by the famous Italian architect Eusabio Chelli.
The latter temple took 20 years to complete. Byzantine style, is 70 mts. high by 30 meters. wide and 40 on the cruise. It has 5 ships and a capacity for 10 thousand people.
The pilgrim sees upon entering the background and highlight the altarpiece altar, both brought from France and the altarpiece pictures of S. Joachim and Anne, parents of the Virgin. In the aisles are Sacred Altars. Heart of Jesus and S. Joseph, of Calvary with the image of Christ lying in front and the Birth of Jesus. Inside the temple the litter silver saved for the holidays.
The shrine of the Virgin is a wide at the height of the image where you can be close to her chapel , there are two sides to marble scales and the same chapel is all coated black marble in the center also has an altar marble near the image there is a mechanism to make Virgin look to the dressing room.
The museum consists Virgin memories that pilgrims have left as thanks.
In the entrance hall are the windows containing rosaries delivered by each family in the village upon completion 100 years of the coronation, 2001.
There are also several rooms dedicated to the Bishops of La Serena, the Claretian missionaries since 1900 are responsible for the Sanctuary and religious dances.
At the bottom, on the right is the "Capilla del Indio", where the meeting was reminded of the image , on the left a room where the robes of the Virgin Holidays are appreciated, gifts China as a rule and embroidery ornament for Mass by Queen Elizabeth II of Spain in the nineteenth century.
Up the marble staircase to the left is a room where exposed simple personal jewelry: rings, necklaces, chains, watches ... Leaving this room goes to the dressing room.
From February 24, 1998 the Great Temple of Andacollo holds the title of Minor Basilica solemnly official on December 26, 1998. 

The first day of October and end of December overflow pilgrims Andacollo the corners as the two traditional festivals of Our Lady of the Rosary of Andacollo live.
In October universally celebrated the Feast of the Rosary, grassroots known as the Feast of the Holy Girl or the Chinita. La Fiesta Grande, in December, is the commemoration of the coronation of the Virgin of Andacollo, the first with this privilege Chile.
In December pilgrimage with "Dance Dance" or "brotherhoods", which constitute the main attraction. Presented over three days (24-25-26) Here, they have expanded to the entire north of the country were born at the foot of the Virgin between 1585 and 1590. There are three types of dances: Chinese, turbans and dancers.
The ancient Chinese dance Andacollo is undoubtedly the most exotic and interesting. It is formed by miners representing primitive Indians who venerated the Virgin.
His strange and barbaric choreography accepts no parallel with any European folk dance. Dressed in one color: brown, bluish, purple or pink. Wide or shorts, adorned at the bottom with lace and sequins. Wear shoes or sandals. Thick socks the same color of the suit.
The shirt have embroidered one Viva la Virgen!, The name of the dancer, birds and flowers. The belt is wide, fantasy, trimmed with blue, green and red beads.
Depend on hips broad leather culeros apires old, decorated with mirrors and brightly colored stones. Cover their backs with big fancy scarves. Usually, they will discovered. Some are covered with woven helmets or berets. Oldest dancers wear velvet jackets and pants.
The dance consists of a series of athletic jumps that start with the body bent squat. Jumping on one foot and then the other. As soon as you see them in the air and on the ground. Most agile give extraordinary leaps. 



The first image of the Virgin mentioned in previous reports, is not currently venerated in Andacollo. He disappeared mysteriously.
Because the chapel was not royalty, lost her title to the Virgen del Rosario and renamed the parish of San Miguel. To regain his title, the pastor of Tobar Bernardino Alvarez started a collection among the Indians and neighbors Andacollo. Gathered the sum of 24 pesos and commissioned a picture of bulk to Lima.
The image came in early 1676, and after getting to the ecclesiastical authority that the Archangel Michael leave his post in honor of the Virgin of the Rosary, the image was blessed on the first Sunday in October 1676.


The image of the Virgin of Andacollo was solemnly crowned on December 26, 1901. The decree was signed by Pope Leo XIII.



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